GOODS AND SERVICES TAX (GST)
Goods and Services Tax (GST), in simple words, means instead of paying taxes at every level in the form of VAT, excise duty, sales tax, customs, luxury tax and service tax, you pay a single tax at the end of the supply chain.
In order to supply goods and products in India, it is mandatory to do GST registration.
Registration ensures safe taxation and also lets you enjoy various benefits. Multiple input taxes paid at every stage build up and cause cumbersome interaction with tax authorities. This can be avoided by adding value for each stage and a final tax being paid by the customer to the last dealer from whom the product is being bought or services were taken.
GST Registration steps
• First, find out if GST registration will be under compulsory or voluntary registration for your specific case.
• Check the documents required to register for GST and arrange those properly
• Check the documents by a professional to avoid rejection
• Upload the documents on GSTN website along with application form
• On being evaluated and being approved the GST registration usually takes only a few days to get processed. The registration certificate will be granted accordingly.
Documents checklist for GST online registration in India
Proof for Business
• Passport Size Photo
• Partnership deal or business registration certificate
• Bank statement
• Authorization form
Address proof documents
• Proof of ownership of property
• If rented then rent agreement
GST Registration Process
• All required documents must be ready – According to the document checklist, the relevant documents along with the required fees have to be submitted.
• Make an application, file it and wait for response – The documents and application form GST form Reg 1 will be filed and a response will be awaited for at least 3 days.
• If the filed documents and application form are approved then the GST registration certificate will be granted. Quarterly monthly returns have to be filed hereafter.
GST Exemption and Remedies
There are basically two types of exemption and remedies available to the taxpayer, one is basic exemption and another is the composition scheme. Let us understand both:
1. Basic Exemption
This rule lays down that GST registration is a must for a supply of goods or services that incur value of 20 lakhs or more and the registration has to be applied for within 30 days. The following states namely Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Tripura, and Nagaland will be exempt from this rule and the cut off for these states is 10 lakhs and beyond.
2. Composition Scheme (LEVY)
If the turnover is less than 50 lakhs, one can apply for the composition scheme. Business can’t be done outside the state and a composition rate of 2.5% will be applied to the manufacturer and others have to pay 1%.
Compulsory requirements for GST
GST being a new concept may take a while for people to understand, therefore, more care has to be taken to comprehend the various requirements that will ensure smooth registration process and approval of the same.
• Company registration certificate, AOP, in the case of partnership and trust the society and registration deed is required.
• Residence proof in case of own property or rental agreement in case of rented property
• A copy of bank statement showing transactions and also the first page of bank pass book containing all details like IFSC Code, MICR code and Account Number.
• Passport size photo
• Authorization letter
Mandatory GST Registration Cases
In spite of any exemption or remedies, the following cases will need GST registration compulsorily even if turn-over is less.
• Person making any interstate taxable supply.
• Casual taxable person making any taxable supply.
• Persons who are required to pay tax under Reverse Charge.
• Non-resident taxable person making any taxable supply.
• Every person providing online information database access from outside India – AWS, Go daddy etc.
• Anything else notified by the Government from time to time.
• Person supplying goods/services on behalf of someone else (agent).
• Input service Distributor – Whether or not register.
• Person selling on e-commerce platform like Flipkart, amazon etc.
• Every e-commerce operator – Flipkart, amazon, snapdeal etc.
• Persons who are required to deduct TDS (Govt Departments).
Cases of GST exemption
There are only two cases where GST registration is not required at all even if the turnover is more than 20 lakh. The two cases are as follows:
1. Exempted Goods / Service Supplier
Any supplier of goods or services that are exempt from being taxed or can’t be taxed even if the turnover is more than 20 lakhs.
2. An agriculturist who supplies produce cultivated on land
An agriculturist cultivates land by himself or by employing others is also exempt from GST if he supplies the land produce.
Compliances after GST Registration
• Invoices should be uploaded on GSTN and reference number must be generated before supply is made.
• GSTR 1, 2, 3 are the 3 monthly returns which must be filed according to the uploaded invoices.
• An annual return has to be filed as well